South African Legislation
The Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations as set out in the National Road Traffic Act 93 of 1996 are intended to promote the safe transportation of hazardous material through the effective management of systems and processes.
With tons of dangerous goods being transported throughout South Africa and across the African continent every year, it is important to ensure the safety of this travel. Dangerous Goods can include everything from explosives, flammables, and corrosive or toxic chemicals to spent reactor fuel, low-level radioactive wastes, and disease-causing biological agents. If not controlled properly, these hazardous substances could present a potential hazard to human health and safety as well as that of the surrounding environment.
The National Road Traffic Act 93 of 1996
The National Road Traffic Act was implemented in August 2000. This legislation included provisions for the road transport of Dangerous Goods as listed in SANS10228 and the relevant regulations were enforced from 3 August 2001. Since then, the legislation has been updated to reflect new changes in regulations.
Who does this affect? Dangerous Goods Regulations require all individuals, companies or entities involved in the handling, warehousing, and transporting of dangerous goods to receive training and abide by the South African Codes of Practice outlined in the Act and relevant standards.
Failure to meet the dangerous goods requirements as legislated by the National Road Traffic Act of South Africa and its amendments could result in heavy fines and penalties, putting your business at risk and could cost you your reputation. Violations include: incorrect or missing dangerous goods declaration, failure to meet trem card regulations, no designated space for documents, no danger warning diamond displayed, operator not registered as a dangerous goods carrier – the list goes on.
Examples of Dangerous Goods Hazard Classes
SUB CLASS 1.1: SUBSTANCES & ARTICLES WHICH HAVE A MASS EXPLOSION HAZARD.
A mass explosion is one which affects almost the entire load virtually instantaneously
- UN0027 Black Powder (Gun Powder)
- UN0065 Cord, Detonating, Flexible
- UN0073 Detonators for Ammunition
SUB CLASS 1.2: SUBSTANCES & ARTICLES WHICH HAVE A PROJECTION HAZARD BUT NOT A MASS EXPLOSION HAZARD
- UN0035 Bombs with Bursting Charge
- UN0364 Detonators for Ammunition
- UN0375 Sounding Devices, Explosive
SUB CLASS 1.3: SUBSTANCES & ARTICLES WHICH HAVE A FIRE HAZARD & EITHER A MINOR BLAST HAZARD OR A MINOR PROJECTION HAZARD OR BOTH, BUT NOT A MASS EXPLOSION HAZARD
These explosives give rise to considerable radiant heat, or burn one after the other, producing minor blast or projection effects or both
- UN0054 Cartridges, Signal
- UN0305 Flash Powder
- UN0487 Signals, Smoke
SUB CLASS 1.4: SUBSTANCES & ARTICLES WHICH PRESENT NO SIGNIFICANT HAZARD
This division comprises substances and articles which present only a small hazard in the event of ignition or initiation during transport. The effects are largely confined to the package and no projection of fragments of appreciable size or range is to be expected. An external fire does not cause virtually instantaneous explosion of almost the entire contents of the package
- UN0066 Igniter Cord
- UN0036 Fireworks
- UN0404 Flares, Aerial
SUB CLASS 1.5: VERY INSENSITIVE SUBSTANCES WHICH HAVE A MASS EXPLOSION HAZARD
This division comprises substances which have a mass explosion hazard but are so insensitive that there is very little probability of initiation or transition from burning to detonation under normal conditions of transport
- UN0331 Agent, Explosive, Blasting, Type B
- UN0332 Agent, Explosive, Blasting, Type E
- UN0482 Substances, Explosive, Very Insensitive, N.O.S.
SUB CLASS 1.6: EXTREMELY INSENSITIVE ARTICLES WHICH DO NOT HAVE A MASS EXPLOSION HAZARD
This division comprises articles which contain only extremely insensitive detonating substances and which demonstrate a negligible probability of accidental initiation or propagation
- UN0486 Articles, Explosive, Extremely Insensitive